Thursday, December 5, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Management Principles for Digital Technological Evolution. Answer: Introduction The 21st century has been a stage of digital technological evolution and which has seen a lot of innovations and inventions in the sector. According to Cowan (2012), technology refers to the dominant world domain in commerce; most of the companies depend on ICT to reduce costs, gain competitive advantage and also improve overall performance. Many companies have been developed each progressing at its stage depending on the strategies of management and operations. Most of the technological companies attribute their success to the constant use of teamwork to achieve their goals. According to Schwalbe, (2007), the unpredictability of technology and complexity of the field has led to the need of building strong communication networks between units so as to allow for the frequency of information. No software or technology is simple enough in these companies to get operated upon by one person no matter how educated or talented they are (Lencioni, 2013). There is a need for collaboration of the various technicians and departments so as to achieve maximum coordination and performance. Team performance is based on the overall culture of the organization and in most times, managers lack the necessary team leader skills to make teams work. Skills like strategic planning, communication, and decision-making enable managers to inspire team members and prompt their effectiveness (Beck, 2004). Technology companies apply the use of cross-product function development teams to innovate new products; members may range from the RD, sales and marketing, engineering among other functional units (Cowan, 2012). The managers put in charge of these departments fail to realize the importance of change management and that different teams warrant different approaches to management and distinct cultures since members are different and experiences also differ. Due to the failure to understand their role in developing the team and defining roles, the implicat ions include information asymmetries and lack of objectivity which in the long run leads to failure of the team (Boller, 2005). This case study report aims at analyzing teamwork at Google and the role played by management to enhance the cooperation. Background Google is one of the giants of the technology arena and is highly rated by its users all over the world (Cowan, 2012). It is a publicly traded multi- national company based in the US. It is hard to believe that the company started operations in a garage (Witzel Warner, 2013). Google specializes in internet based transactions that involve search engines, software development, networking, communication, clouding, and advertising among others. Organization owns over one million servers all over the world which process over one billion searches in one day. Their mission is to enable the flow of information all over the world and make it useful and acceptable. Google has in the recent past been interested in teamwork and how it can be improved (Lencioni, 2013). The company was an ideal choice of strategies since it acknowledges the value of team works since the formation of the business itself was based on a team of two Stanford University students, known as Larry Sage and Sergey Brin. In the year 2012, the company established a project known as Aristotle to study the aspect of teamwork that was aimed at providing information about the norms that drive the success of a team. The company managers believed that by understanding the basics and behaviours in social and political aspects of teamwork, they would be able to develop the perfect team that would work together to develop the company products (Tyler, 2015).The survey was an analysis of over a hundred teams all found in the enterprise, in a period of one year. Most of the useful groups were seen to have very stable social relations even when not in the teams while others showed too much formality. Identification of issues and problems From the case study, there are weaknesses in the team effectiveness model of Matts team that are inhibiting the overall performance. Problems arise in the context of the group whereby there is poor leadership, poor evaluation of worker members and hot climate with no established trust. According to Schwalbe (2007), the team is set as a group of people who come together to achieve a common goal. For this to be possible there needs to be a clear set of relevant and attainable goals whereby each member of the team understands why he or she is a member of the team. Lack of objectivity leads to confusion and a deficiency in focus, that may, in turn, result in a lack of seriousness (Beck, 2004). The team; therefore, does not understand their role; hence, produce poor results. The second problem identified is the work design which includes the composition of the group in terms of skills recruited; the task identity and task significance .The survey showed that the members cannot comprehend their identity and significance. This may cause lack of proper motivation for team members that may hinder their effectiveness. It is mistaken most of the time that workers only work to gain monetary compensation which is not the case (Lencioni, 2013). The members of the team may be de-motivated and thus lack effectiveness. Another problem is that the manager does not create time for the team and also has a history of being too friendly so as to gain favor among team members. This scenario is evidenced by the engineer in the previous engineer who could talk and not give others time to speak; the manager did not do anything about that, and so this may also be an issue in this team. There is a lack of proper communication on both sides since the team does not communicate their problems and Matt does not check with them to see if they are okay, he just leaves them to do their work. The three problems are caused by the poor management of the team (Malhotra,2000).The manager may be a bit experienced in the field but does not adapt to change. All teams are different in composition, role, and behaviours, so a manager needs to adjust to the various dynamics of team building. The fact that the team members in Matt's team do not understand their roles shows that the team leader is not actively involved in the group and did not define the goals. Henry Fayol formulated a theory that is meant to guide the management of groups and teams (Malhotra, 2000). The theory talks about effective planning, organization and a good communication system which is lacking in the team setting. Belbin's theory of team building suggests that the behavior of team members is shaped by how well they understand their roles in the team (Kaptan, 2002). According to Malhotra (2000), the theory of action-centered leadership by John Adair states that for a team leader to be effective then he needs to define the goals and objectives of the team and be an active participant of the work, making frequent consultations on progress and offering counsel. It also proves that there are information asymmetries since Matt thought that the team was efficient, yet it had weaknesses. The manager's dis-involvement has led to little motivation about training and complimenting the workers constantly to tell them they are doing a good job. According to Tyler (2015), the theory of motivation by Abraham Marlow states various categories that an employee needs to satisfy; they range from basic needs that can be satisfied by pay but also involve other factors like self-esteem and need for recognition which the manager apparently does not provide. According to Malhotra (2000), McClelland's Human Motivation Theory states that a leader needs to appreciate the efforts of the team constantly so as to motivate them to do even better. The progress theory by Amabile and Kramer states that for a team to be active then the manager needs to be a figurehead, define goals, motivate the workers but most importantly allow them some time on their own to work independently but ensure to check on the progress of projects. Matt should apply this principle to his team (Kaptan, 2002). Possible solutions One of the solutions that need to get implemented is ensuring that roles and responsibilities are clearly defined so as to enhance team focus and objectivity according to the theory of team building by Belbin and the. According to Kaptan (2002), Amabile and Kramer's theory of progress states that the manager also needs to motivate the workers more and be more actively involved in the teamwork ensuring not to affect their independence. McClelland's Human Motivation Theory provides the third solution and states that the manager should understand his role as a figurehead, decision maker and also ensure to appreciate the efforts of the team as a whole and not individuals (Kaptan, 2002). Proposed solution The most important answer is the motivation of team members by the team manger. Most of the problems are just farfetched points that converge at motivation. Even the proper defining of goals acts as a motivator and the active participation of the team leader not to mention the management skills which are meant to organize the team. According to Adetule, (2011), most theories of team building emphasize on the motivation of team members since it is believed to be an essential ingredient to success. Motivation may include training, bonuses, and appreciation (Adetule, 2011). The theory of motivation by Maslow, talks of both intrinsic and extrinsic motivators. The theory X and Y by Douglas McGregor suggests that the output of any team or individual is determined by the conditions of employment and not just the monetary compensation (Lencioni, 2013). Matt, therefore, needs to lay a lot of emphasis on motivating the team and also consult the top managers since Google has a lot of resources to conduct training and give bonuses. This solution will benefit not only Matt's team but also the other teams who will learn from example (Lencioni, 2013). Recommendations One of the areas that need urgent attention is the manager playing his role as a leader and being more involved. This way there will be motivation strategies like training of workers on their functions and also other motivational tools that can be applied within the next two years. The top managers should oversee this process, but the team, and Matt, the team leader also have an important role to play. The improvement of the teamwork will benefit the organization as an example will be provided to how teams and team managers should conduct themselves thus improving the performance of the many teams in the organization which will improve overall performance. References Adetule, J. 2011. Handbook on management principles. Bloomington, Author House. Beck, R. C. 2004. Motivation: theories and principles. Upper Saddle River, N.J., Pearson Education. Boller, S. 2005. Teamwork training. Alexandria, Va, ASTD Press. Cowan, A. 2012. Starting a tech business a practical guide for anyone creating or designing a marketing program or software. Hoboken, N.J., Wiley. Kaptan, S. 2002. Team building. New Delhi, Sarup Sons. Lencioni, P. M. 2013. The five dysfunctions of a team a leadership fable. San Francisco, Calif, Jossey-Bass. Malhotra, Y. 2000. Knowledge management and business model innovation. Hershey, Pa. [u.a.], Idea Group Publishing. Schwalbe, K. 2007. Information technology project management. Boston, Mass, Course Technology, Cengage Learning. Sheldrake, J. 2003. Management theory. Australia, Thomson Tyler, J. 2015. Building great software engineering teams: recruiting, hiring, and managing your team from start-up to success. West, M. A. 2012. Effective collaboration: practical lessons from organizational research. Chichester, West Sussex, John Wiley Sons. Witzel, M., Warner, M. 2013. The Oxford handbook of management theorists.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
They were also found to have all over better health. 6. Pets with separation anxiety were found to benefit from classical music being played. 7. A childs cognitive function is greatly enhanced by listening to classical. It was found, that in particular when listening to: Beethoven, Mozart and Brahms 8. While studying and playing classical music in the background, we are better to retain what we are learning and doing. 9. Children who listen to classical have been found to have better skills at articulating their emotions. 10.After listening to Classical your more likely to be in a relaxed Tate, and have a good sense of well being. Rock music is a group of related music styles that have dominated popular music in the West since 1955. Rock music began in the United States, but it has influenced and in turn been shaped by a broad field of cultures and musical traditions, including gospel music, the blues, country-and-western music. We will write a custom essay sample on The Many Benefits of Classical Music and rock music or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Classical music folk music, electronic music, and the popular music of Asia, Africa, and Latin America (often grouped together under the term World music).In addition to its use as a broad designation, the term rock-music is seed to refer more specifically to music styles after 1 959 predominantly influenced by white musicians. Other major rock-music styles include rock and roll, the first genre of the music; and rhythm and the blues music (RB), influenced mainly by black American musicians. Each of these major genres encompasses a variety of sub-styles, such as heavy metal, punk, alternative, and grunge. While innovations in rock music have often occurred in regional centers?such as New York, Kingston, and Liverpool?the influence if rock music is now felt worldwide.The central musical instrument in most kinds of rock music is the electric guitar. Important figures in the history of this instrument include jazz musician Charlie Christian, who in the late 1930 was one of the first to perform the amplified guitar as a solo instrument; Aaron Tableaux T-Bone Walker, the first blues musician to record with an amplified guitar (1942); Leo Fender, who in 1 948 introduced the first mass-produced solid?body electric guitar; and Less Paul, who popularized the instrument in the early 1950 with a series of technologically innovative recordings.Elvis Presley is someone everyone all over the world is familiar with. Elvis Presley was the very first and most famous people who started r ock music. He had amazing dance steps which left people mesmerisms and along with his powerful music, he was certainly a musical icon. He became a phenomenon almost instantaneously and rock musicians who were to come later on all followed in Elvis Parsleys footsteps. Another band which was very popular was the Beetles. The Beetles were a rock music group who were very much inspired by British rock musicians such as Cliff Richard.This band too became quite popular during the sasss and had a successful career. Over the many years, music has divided into various styles and various genres. Some other forms and styles of music were Folk rock music and Psychedelic rock music. Many people in society of different age groups disagree the fact that rock music is attached to any positive influences that can outweigh its negatives. This can be the public opinion because due to lack of right knowledge most the people judge the influence of rock music without understanding the facts associated with it.Many blame it for the darkness that exists in the society due the shades of grey that it presents. In fact, it leads society away from darkness. It carries numerous positive influences which are not visible at a swift glance. Rock music in the longer run has not only showcased its positive influences on individuals but on time and society altogether. The positive influence of rock music can be derived from the messages that are conveyed by it. Like, suicide is one of the problems that society needs to deal with and managers are more prone towards it.
Monday, November 25, 2019
Essay on Homosexual Relationships Essay on Homosexual Relationships Homosexual relationships are romantic connections between two people of the same gender. These connections cover all cases of gays and lesbians. These relationships are not based on the willingness to procreate or nature moral values, but rather on the desire to fulfill the passions of the persons involved. Through the forums supported by human rights groups, many homosexuals have come in the limelight demanding legal recognition for their sexual orientations. James Skillen is one of such activists. He observes that governments should play passive roles when it comes to the issues of marriage. Instead, Skillen suggests that the government should learn to accommodate the Ã¢â¬Å"constantly changing definition of marriageÃ¢â¬ to make provisions for homosexual marriages (Skillen, 1). A similar observation was made by Ellie Schaack in his article Ã¢â¬Å"Gay Marriage is a RightÃ¢â¬ . Schaack points out that the right to marry is explicit and dependent on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s unique attributes (Schaack, 1). Unfortunately, many countries are continually legalizing homosexuality. For instance, a US court was reported to have delivered a judgment forcing the federal government to amend laws to recognize gay marriages (Hurley, 2). Sexual desires should be used to set up family units under which social values and cultural norms get passed from one generation to another. The future of any society depends on the ability of the current generation to procreate and sustain values traditionally associated with that society. Family is the fundamental unit of the society and is, therefore, important for the formation of the society. Sex should serve as a tool for sustaining romantic relationships that result from marriage and formation of the family. Homosexuality does not reflect social welfare, but rather individualism. Instead of introducing legal provisions to promote homosexuality, the society should seek to help those in the practice so that they can relate to their healthy sexual desires. This is possible through medicine and psychological treatment.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Business Environment - Essay Example Therefore, it is sound to assert that the variations in demand and supply for any economic resources, and the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s practices contribute to its growth and competence at a global platform. The following discussion seeks to highlight economic perspectives in different versions with reference to their effects to the economic environment. P4: Explanation of how economic systems attempt to allocate resources effectively Despite the two countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economic practices, UK practices the mixed enterprise approach whereby some resources belong to the national government thus limiting any probable exploitation of the citizens (Dransfield, 2004, p. 98). For instance, the country owns majority of the shares in those firms operating in products, which seem critical for human welfare. Such a resolution enables the UK to expressly influence companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ decision-making processes in for the benefit of the citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ benefit. Further, the UK is able to use the mandate expres sed by its constitutionÃ¢â¬â¢s to influence the privatization of companies in order to create wealth to the citizens. Individuals own the remaining resources, but there are regulations enforced by the government to ensure that that the practices are ethical and beneficial to the citizens. On the contrary, the military command economy restrains the local population from the exclusive indulgence into businesses that may lead to the exploitation of resources for economic prosperity. Arguably, the country owns 95% of the industries leaving a 5% margin for its citizens. The socialist approach thus tends to practice a monopoly approach in the allocation of resources, a factor that deters increment in the GDP and leads to increased poverty levels. Economists explain that U.S.A sets an analytical approach to the economic issues and establishes fiscal policies to stimulate growth, control amount of money in supply, dictate inflation rates of the dollar, and subsequently reduce the unemploy ment levels. The United States is observant on whether the factors will affect the country positively or negatively in the end (Arnold, 2007, p. 55). Analysts describe that the US free market enterprise economy allows for the room of innovation thus; the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s entrepreneurs have the ability to improve products that in turn lead to economic growth since they are able to earn returns on their investments, create employment, and remit taxes to the federal government (Rodrik, 2007, p. 67). P5: The impact of high taxes and high interest rates The influence of high taxes on employees is a factor born from the Keynesian theory. Theoretical arguments are that enforcement of high taxes to a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s employee population is a significant approach to reducing the rate of inflation since the approach diminishes the rate of individual expenditures. The factual further increases productivity in the economy since the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s accrued revenues are spent on utilities suc h as infrastructure, and the provision of other resources to the entire population (Arnold, 2007, p, 58). The approach is significant in shaping up an economy in accordance to changes in demand and supply with a perception that whenever the supply shifts to an increase or decrease, the prices will remain constant since the population will bear the existing ability to purchase a given quantity of a product. On the other hand, the impact of executing high interest to business organizations remains an ill